by Ariel Ben Solomon
June 30, 2015
Expert: Only regional powers such as Turkey or Iran or the West could restore order within a shorter period.
Cairo University students shout slogans against the government after the verdict of former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak's trial. (photo credit:REUTERS)
In the future, when some historians analyze this period of Middle Eastern turmoil, the timeline will show that the ‘Arab Spring’ led to civil wars, followed by the rise of Islamic State.
In other words, uprisings that supposedly broke out for what many deemed at the time to be cravings for freedom and democracy resulted in their opposite – more chaos, the disintegration of nation states, and the emergence of the most radical Islamic group in modern times.
In some cases, there is now a wish for a return to the status quo ante – state regimes led by strongmen that can restore order.
Millions of Egyptians swarmed public squares to bring down military man Hosni Mubarak in 2011, and then voted in an open election for Muslim Brotherhood candidate Muhammad Morsi in 2012.
The public tide then reversed itself again, leading to the ouster of Morsi and the restoration of the military regime in 2013, this time led by President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi.
However, it is hard to put the genie back into the bottle.
Asked if there is a way back to the situation before the Arab uprisings began, Efraim Inbar, director of the Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies at Bar- Ilan University, replied “Not really.”
“It will take decades to develop a new order. Only conquest from outside by regional powers such as Turkey or Iran or the West could restore order within a shorter period,” he told The Jerusalem Post.
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